CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES
THE PRE-SPANISH CURRICULUM
-Filipino possessed a culture of their own.
-They did not have an organized system of education as we have now.
-This informal education was the learning which the early Filipino received as a result of his interaction with others in the group of which he was a member.
THE SPANISH-DEVISED CURRICULUM
-The Spanish curriculum then consisted of the three R’s (reading, writing and religion with undue emphasis on the last as a tool for perpetuating the colonial order.
-The method of instruction was predominantly individual memorization
-According to Fr. Modesto de Castro, author of Urbana and felisa (1877), the curriculum for boys and girls was aimed to:
1. Teach young boys and girls to serve and love God
2. Discover what is good and proper one’s self
3. Enable the individual to get along well with his neighbors.
THE AMERICAN-DEVISED CURRICULUM
-The American-devised curriculum was also dominated with the motive of conquering the Filipino’s not only physically but also intellectually.
-English was the medium of instruction
The primary curriculum prescribed in 1904 by the Americans for the Filipinos consisted of three grades which provides training in two aspects
a. Body training
b. Mental training
Prepared by: SITTIEHAN B. MANTE