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Sunday, April 17, 2011

EDUC 107 Lesson 1 : Professional Ethics and the Teacher

Source: Zulueta, F. (2006), Principles and Methods of Teaching, National Book Store Publishing, Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines

Professional Ethics embraces a series of statement or criteria which govern the conduct of the member of a particular profession. The objective and intention is to attain the highest possible good for all its members so that they may enjoy happiness, camaraderie and security in their chose occupation.
Since Teaching is a Profession it is necessary for teachers to be govern with ethical standards which covers his relationship with the state, puils/students, his associates, school administrators, staff, the parents and the general public.
A.Teacher and the State
Teacher should consider it an obligation to see to it that national objectives of education is achieved by the school he serves
He should consider himself a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation, hence he should uphold moral principles, promote a sense of nationhood, deepen love of country, instill respect for constituted authority and foster obedience of the law of the land

B.Teacher and the Pupil/Student
Teacher should always act in the best interest of his students
Teacher should not divulge private confidential matters and information he knows about the pupils/ student
Teacher shouldnot insult student in class because of his inability to give the correct answer
Teacher shouldnever enter the class under the influence of liquor.
Teacher shouldmake the learning experience of students enjoyable, fruitful and meaningful
Teacher should be firm but gentle in matters of discipline
Teacher should never allow himself be influenced by any consideration other than merit in the evaluation of the students work
Teacher should always maintain his dignity and self-respect when dealing with students and should refrain from receiving favors directly or indirectly from any of his students or their parents

C. Teacher and His Colleagues
The teachers should never criticize another teacher about his academic qualifications, teaching methods and his personality
Teacher should not spend his official time and his colleagues in cheap talk or gossip related to other members of the faculty
Teacher should,before leaving his position, should coordinate with his successor all records and other important information that are necessary to carry out the work
Teacher should make due acknowledgement of assistance received form his co-teacher
Teacher should exercise discretion and prudence in confidential information concerning his co-teachers and the school
Teacher should not write fabricated accusations and anonymous letters to criticize his associates
Teacher should maintain wholesome and cordial relationship with is colleagues. His relationship should be based on the principle of democratic cooperation, action and mutual respect.
Teacher should be willing to share his professional knowledge and experience with fellow members of the teaching profession.

D. Teacher and the School Administrators
The teachers should support legitimate policies of the school and administration.
The teachers should make honest and determined effort to understand fully the policies of the school and to carry them out.
The teachers should not make false accusations or charge against superiors especially under the anonymous or fictitious name
The teachers should  transact all official communications through channels except when a special condition warrants a different procedures, as when certain reforms are advocate which are virtually opposed by the immediate superior, in which case, the teacher concerned can go directly to the next higher administrative authority
The teachers should realize the appointments, promotion and transfer are made only on the bases of merit and in the interest of the services.
The teachers should never borrow money from his students.
The teachers should never take advantage of his position to court or advance his sexual desire to students
The teachers should never inflict corporal punishment on offending students. 
The teachers should not make deductions in students scholastic ratings for acts or behavior that are not direct manifestations of poor scholarship.
The teachers should devote official time fully, faithfully and honestly in the performance of his functions and responsibilities
The teacher-administrator relationship should be a partnership characterized by mutual cooperation and sharing, imbued with frankness, honesty, professionalism and loyalty to the ideals of the school.

E. Teacher and the Parents 
The teachers should establish and maintain cordial relations with the parents of the students
The teachers should exercise due prudence, utmost candor and tact in communicating with parents, especially on matters concerning their children’s faults and shortcomings. 
The teachers should hear parent’s complaints with sympathy and understanding.
The teachers should point out the children’s deficiencies, unknown or overlooked by the parents, and seek their cooperation for the proper guidance and improvement of the children
The teachers should keep in confidence all information gathered during visits and interview with parents. 

F.Teacher and Non-Teaching Personnel 
The teachers should treat non-teaching personnel as partners and co-workers in the task of achieving the goals of education.
The teachers should treat non-teaching with due respect, courtesy and considerations
The teachers should be punctual in the submission of prescribed requirements, requests and unnecessary delay in official office transactions. 
The teachers should treat non-teaching personnel as partners and co-workers in the task of achieving the goals of education.

G.Teacher and the Community
The teachers should actively participate in community work, social, educational and civic development
The teacher, in order to merit acceptable social recognition, should refrain from gambling, drunkenness and other immoral practices.
The teachers should by all means be the first to set the example of good behavior.
The teacher in the local barangay, should welcome every community to serve as a counselor on matters affecting the welfare of the people.
The teachers should endeavor to maintain harmonious and pleasant personal and official relations with other professional and government officials and employees.
The teachers should avoid any unbecoming conduct which may discredit the teaching profession. Nobility of character should be the guiding spirit in his behavior.
The teacher as an intellectual leader should be willing to share his knowledge, training and experience with the community.

H.Teacher and the Profession
The teachers should conduct himself accordingly and behave properly at all times. Service in education calls for the highest standards of integrity and morality.
The teachers should  be physically and mentally fit.
The teachers should  observe propriety and good taste in language at all times.
The teachers should  continually grow in his profession and uphold the highest possible standards that will earn in him social esteem and recognition as well as material compensation for service rendered.

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